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Learn More about the General Assembly in the US State of Maryland Maryland is located in the region of Mid-Atlantic and is basically recognized as one of the smallest state of the country of the United States of America, and it is basically bordered by the different states of the said country, such as the state of Delaware to its east, the state of Pennsylvania to its north, and the state of West Virginia, Washington D.C. and Virginia to its south and west. The capital city of the state of Maryland is the Annapolis, however, the largest city of the state is the Baltimore. This certain state is called in different nicknames, such as the Free State, the Chesapeake Bay State, and the Old Line State, for the reason that this state is recognized as the birthplace of America’s religious freedom. The government in the state of Maryland is the same with the government of the other forty-nine states of the country of the United States of America, and such is conducted and administered according to the state constitution. The Maryland general assembly is basically composed of the legislative body and state legislature of the said state, and such meeting is commonly held in the State House, which is located in the capital city of the state. The general assembly of the state of Maryland is also described as a bicameral body, and that means that is it composed of two houses, namely the upper chamber or the house of senate, along with their representatives; and the lower chamber, which can also be called as the house of the delegates, together with their representatives. The functions of these two houses include judging the qualifications of their members, punishing or expelling their members, and establishing rules for the conduct of its business. In order to be qualified as a senator or delegate, they should be a citizen of the state of Maryland, a resident for at least a year prior to his or her election, and the qualified age for a senator should be at least twenty-five years old and a delegate should be at least twenty-one years old. Each elected officials have a four-year term for their respective position, but in unfortunate circumstances, such as resignation, death or disqualification of a member, a vacancy for the said position will occur, thus their terms are recognized as not limited, and the governor will be the one who has the power to appoint a replacement for the vacant position. The upper chamber or the house of the senate is typically led by an official called as the president, while in the lower chamber or the house of the delegate is typically led by an official called as the speaker, with respective prerogatives, duties and responsibilities that enables and allows them to influence the process of legislation in a significant manner.